General Informations

               

DOS’ AND DON’TS

 

*          The Myanmar people are friendly, helpful and polite.

*          Respect the Myanmar people and their unique traditions.

*          Don’t take any photos that may make people feel embarrassed

*          Do smile.

*          Don’t point with your foot.

*          Wear decent clothes when visiting religious sites.

*          Do tuck away your feet.

*          Don’t touch anyone on the head.

*          Please learn the basic words in Myanmar language.

*          Women travelers are very safe in Myanmar

*          Don’t kiss in public.

*          Don’t disturb people praying or meditating.

*          Calling with your finger up means calling for a challenge.

*          Please learn the local customs before visiting ethnic minority villages.

*          Do try Myanmar traditional transport facilities.

*          It’s sustainable and benefits the locals.

*          Visitors may experience electricity outages.

*          Don’t touch the robe of a monk.

*          Spread your wealth, use your money wisely

*          Myanmar is a cultural destination.

*          Myanmar currency should be exchanged at the official exchange counters and banks.

*          If tourists wish to help the people of Myanmar, they should consider creative ways to contribute to communities, not to individuals.

*          Giving money or sweets to children is not advisable.

*           Myanmar people are delighted when tourists participate in their festivals.

*           Using drugs is illegal in Myanmar.

*           Help protect Myanmar wildlife by refusing to purchase wildlife products.

*          To maintain Myanmar’s unique heritage, do not buy antiques. Buy arts and crafts instead.

*           Help us keep Myanmar clean. Practice safe sex.

*            Do not go where you are advised not to go.

*            Relax and enjoy your holiday

 

EMBASSIES

 

America                                  – 536509, 535756

Australia                                – 251809 ~ 10, 251797 ~ 98, 246462 ~ 63

Cambodia                              – 549609, 540964

China                                      – 224097, 221280 ~ 81

France                                    – 212178, 212523, 212528, 212530, 212532

Germany                                – 548951 ~ 53

Her Britannic Majesty          – 370863 ~ 65, 370867, 380321 ~ 22

India                                         – 391219, 388412, 243972

Israel                                       – 515115

Italy                                         – 527100, 527101

Japan                                      – 545988, 540399, 540400, 540411, 549644

Korea                                      – 515190, 524148, 527142 ~ 44

Lao                                          – 222482

Malaysia                                 – 220230, 220251, 218479, 229865

Philippines                             – 558149 ~ 53

Royal Thai                             – 226721, 226728, 226824, 222784

Russian Federation              – 241955, 254161

Singapore                              – 559001

Sri Lanka                                – 222812

Vietnam                                  – 511305

EMERGENCY

199

 

TOURIST POLICE STATIONS

YANGON

 01 2302199, 0 9515 9494

MANDALAY

 02  61444, 09 49 403 213

BAGAN

 09 53 607 79, 01 296 02, 01 376 166, 01 645 824

NYAUNG SHWE (INLE)

 09 85 506 00

KALAW

 09 47 320 367

 

HIGH WAY EXPRESS

KHINE MANDALAY : 09 20 112 51, 092054294

KYAE SIN HEIN : 01 723 184

ELITE  :      09 730 745 39 , 09 512 2822

SHWE MANDALAY : 01 701615, 01 706071, 973017781

SHWE NANDAW : 01 637667, 214148, 09420011124

SHWE KABAR :    01 637560, 01 637561

LUMBINI :          01 637690, 01637691, 09 431 69995

 

AIR TICKETING AGENTS

 

Thai Air Asia                : 01 251885, 01 251816

Bangkok Airways         : 01 255122, 01 255265

Malaysia Air Lines        : 01 387648, 01 241007

Air Mandalay                : 01 501520, 01 525488

Air KanbawZa               : 01 372977 ~ 80

Golden Myanmar Air Line: 01 401484, 09 73256929

Air Bagan                     : 01 513322, 01 5133422

Thai Air Ways               : 01 255491 ~ 99

Asia Wings Airways     : 01 516654, 01 527401

Myanmar Airways         : 01 374874, 01 373828

Singapore Air Lines     : 01 255287 ~ 9

All Nippon Airways (ANA): 01 255412, 01 255413

 Mahan Air                   : 01 294006, 01 395279

Air China                      : 01 655882, 666112, 661930

MAI                              : 01 255260

Japan Air Lines            : 51-1255886, 09421140665

Yangon Airways           : 01 383107, 01 383100

Vietnam Air Lines        : 01 255066, 01 255068

FMI Air Charter: 01 255723, 01 255725

Air India                       : 01 253598, 01 254758

 

 

  DESTINATIONS DISTANCE

 

MUSE

86

BHAMO

112

196

LASHIO

287

371

175

MANDALAY

245

329

133

42

PYIN OO LWIN

256

340

147

114

143

MOGOK

784

868

672

497

539

611

MAWLAMYING

135

1169

312

487

445

456

984

MYITKYINA

470

554

358

183

225

297

492

670

NAUNG U

669

753

557

382

424

496

137

379

733

BAGO

659

743

547

372

414

486

329

859

247

192

PYAY

475

559

363

188

330

302

309

675

183

194

372

PYINMANAR

719

803

607

432

474

546

187

919

426

50

179

244

YANGON

General Information

CLIMATE OF MYANMAR

We want to travel to Myanmar in our summer time in Europe, but people say there is a lot of rain there so its not a good time to do so. Is it correct?

The climate of Myanmar is tropical with three main seasons.

( 1 ) The rainy season is from mid-May to mid-October with an average temperature of 25-30 C. Although it rains heavily in Yangon and Inle Lake, traveling in Myanmar during this season is still enjoyable because Mandalay and Bagan lie in dry zones where it barely rains. For Inle lake, rainy season is the best.  The lake, the mountains, the stream, the paddy fields , every where is green and clean. This is the most beautiful time for Inle lake.

( 2 ) The cool season ( Winter ) is from mid-October to mid-February with an average temperature of 20-24 C. This is the best season to visit Burma. Some regions in upper Burma, Kalaw ( South-West of Shan State ) and Kyaing Tong ( Eastern Shan State ), has a temperature that ranges between 5 – 10 C, so travelers may need to bring some warm clothes to tour around this area.

( 3 ) The hot season ( Summer ) is from mid-February to mid-May with an average temperature of 30-35 C. Although it’s a bit hot, our programs are designed to make traveling enjoyable as we avoid the heat by touring about in the mornings and evenings.


MYANMAR VISA

How can I get Myanmar ( Burma ) Visa ?

Every one except some Asean nationalities need visa to come to Myanmar.

Valid Passport with Entry Visa is required for all travel ers to Burma. Visa can be obtained at any Myanmar Embassy or Consulate abroad. Visa fee is about US$ 30 in local currency.


HOW WE MAKE YOUR TRAVEL ITINERARY

During our stay in Myanmar, we want to see the nature, culture, history and people and their life style. Can you arrange a very comprehensive program?

Major sightseeing itineraries include a variety of religious and historic monuments, a rich cultural and artistic heritage, and beautiful scenery. We also seek out other attractions like interesting local markets, festivals, Myanmar traditional handicrafts and industries, and an opportunity to meet the local people in their own environment. A specialty includes the opportunity to try regional cuisines around Myanmar and to experience various typical and traditional forms of Myanmar entertainment. By including such extra dimensions, we make any visit to Myanmar a richer, more rewarding and more memorable experience.


FOOD

Myanmar cuisine is established around rice or noodles, usually served with a variety of curries between meat and fish, along with a dish of vegetables, salads, soup, and condiments. Myanmar curries tend to be less spicy than those served in Thailand. Meals & drinks at International Hotels are considerably expensive. There are many good local restaurants with almost the same quality of food and hygiene as hotels but at reasonable prices. They serve various dishes of Myanmar, Chinese, European (French and Italian), Thai and Indian cuisine. But roadside small restaurants are not recommended, as it can be risky for health.

There are also a wide variety of local snacks and delicacies. Mouk-hin-kha (thin rice noodles served with fish gravy and onion soup) and Ohn-noh-khauk-swe (noodles served with chicken and coconut gravy) are the most popular in Myanmar. Shan food is another delicacy. Shan style of cooking neither belongs to Myanmar nor Chinese nor Thai cuisine but they taste really good in their own way.

Restaurants and food served towards the travelers are carefully selected for hygiene as well as gastronomic considerations.


HOTELS IN MYANMAR

The hotels’ standards in Myanmar vary especially in quality and availability. Numbers of new and refurbished hotels meeting international standards are available in most destinations like Yangon, Mandalay, Bagan, Inle Lake, Kyaing Tong, Ngapali Beach, Ngwe Saung Beach, and Chaung Thar Beach. Only basic and simple hotels are available in the remote areas.


SHOPPING

Is Myanmar a good shopping place? What are the best buys?

Myanmar arts and crafts, mostly hand-made, are lovely souvenirs. Lacquer ware, woodcarvings, tapestries, silverware, brassware, silk and cotton fabrics, and shoulder bags are some of the popular items. For jewelry, there are Burmese rubies, sapphires, jade and pearls available at Myanmar gems shops. All gems and jewelry purchased should be made through the government licensed dealers, who can give a voucher for export.


VACCINATIONS

Is there any compulsory vaccinations for travel to Myanmar?

There are no compulsory vaccinations for travel to Myanmar ( Burma ) but it is advisable to take precautions against malaria. Prescription drugs are not widely available in the remote areas of Myanmar so travelers should bring any required medication with them.

Insect repellents are highly recommended, especially when traveling to remote areas in conjunction with other measures to prevent mosquito bites. The sun can be remarkably hot so a hat and sunscreen is advisable.


TELECOMMUNICATION

For many years SIM cards in Myanmar were expensive and difficult to obtain. But now three operators compete each other and selling with very cheap price, K1,500 ( about 1.2 USD ). These SIM Cards work on a top-up basis, with K1000, K3000, K5000 and K10,000 Cards available.

SIM cards and top ups can be bought at numerous street-side retailers in every cities and even in very small towns.


TRAVEL INSURANCE

Can I buy travel insurance in Myanmar?

It is advisable to purchase travel insurance in your own country. Please choose a reputable insurance company who has agent in Myanmar. This is very important.


MYANMAR CUSTOMS

Do we have to declare everything at the airport custom?

All foreign currencies (above US $ 2000), jewelries, electrical goods, and cameras must be declared to the Burmese Customs at the Airport. Travelers may bring in duty free 200 cigarettes, one quart of wine, and one pint of perfume. Export of Myanmar (Burma) antiques is prohibited. Only gems and jewelries purchased at the licensed dealers, or who can issue an export permit are allowed to be taken out of Myanmar.


INTERNET

Internet access has improved. Free Wi-Fi is available in most hotels, guest houses, restaurants and cafes. You can even find internet access in remote areas. However, Internet access can be slow sometime so you can not down load large files.


MYANMAR LIVELY BEACH

We want to spend some days on a lively beach ( we do not want quite and isolated beach ) ,pls recommend one.

Among the three beaches, Ngapali and Ngwe Saung beaches are quiet so your choice should be Chaung Thar beach. Its about 5 hours drive from Yangon. Its always very lively and active with its local crowd and different kind of restaurants and beer pubs ( we call beer station in Myanmar ). But there not much good hotels in Chaung Thar beach than other two beaches.


BURMA STANDARD TIME

GMT + 6 1/2 hours

ELECTRICITY

220 VOLT 50 HZ

A flashlight is helpful when traveling up country where electricity is poor.

BUSINESS HOURS

Government offices open from 09:30 to 16:30 on weekdays. Banking hours are from 10:00 to 14:00. Private companies work daily except Sunday and gazette holidays. Shopping centers and super markets open daily. But the most famous Bogyoke (Scott) market closes on Monday and gazette holidays. Busy hours at this place are from 10:00 am to 17:00 pm.


TIPPING IN MYANMAR

Tipping in Myanmar

Tipping in Myanmar is depending on how well you think they have been at your service.

Some common practice are :

  1. Porter at Air port : Kyat 500 per bag
  2. Porter at Hotels : Kyat 500 per bag
  3. Car Drivers : ???

WHAT TO WEAR

Light clothing is required all year-round, but a sweater or jacket may be needed when traveling in hilly areas, especially during winter months. If visiting during the rainy season (May – September), an umbrella or raincoat will be required for the days in Inle lake and Yangon. It is required to dress decently within the precincts of religious buildings. Shoes and socks must be removed at pagodas and monasteries so it is advisable to bring a pair of slippers.

WHAT TO AVOID

Travelers are advised to keep away from touts who may approach them to exchange foreign currency or to sell gems of dubious quality. Travelers are also advised not to drink tap water. Purified bottled water is available everywhere in Myanmar. Taking photograph of military camps and soldiers are to be avoided.


ENTERING BY BORDER CROSSING

Border crossing between Myanmar and Thailand

Border crossing between ‘Myanmar’ and ‘Thailand’ at four check points: Tachileik – Mae Sai , Myawaddy – Mae Saot , Kawthaung – Ranong and Htee Khee – Nan PhuRau has opened for foreigners as well as for Myanmar nationalities with effected from 28th Aug 2013. This reliefs the former formalities of applying permission as it is no more require to apply it in advance. For foreigners who want to come to Myanmar by border cross should already obtain Myanmar visa. For foreigners who want to come to Myanmar by border cross should already obtain Myanmar visa.

Border crossing between Myanmar and China

For the border between ‘Myanmar’ and ‘China’, the check point is at ‘Rue Li – Mu Se’ and it is still necessary to obtain permission in advance.


MYANMAR NATIONAL HOLIDAYS & FESTIVALS

 JAN 4  Independence Day
 FEB 12  Union Day
 MAR 2  Peasant’s Day
 MAR 10  Fullmoon Day of Tabaung
 MAR 27  Armed Forces Day
 APR 11-20  Thingyan Festival (Water Festival) and Myanmar New year Day
 MAY 1  May Day (Workers’ Day)
 MAY 8  Fullmoon Day of Kason
 JUL 6  Beginning of Buddhist Lent
 JUL 19  Martyrs’ Day
 OCT 3  End of Buddhist Lent (Thadingyut Festival of Lights)
 NOV 1  Tazaungdaing Festival of Lights
 NOV 11  National Day
 DEC 16  Kayin New Year Day
 DEC 25  Christmas Day
 Depawali & Eid – UI – Azha Days will be announced.

 INTERNATIONAL FLIGHTS TO MYANMAR

Three gateways are ‘Yangon’, ‘Mandalay’ and ‘Nay Pyi Taw’ International airports.

Thai Airways, Bangkok Airways , Thai Air Asia , Air China, China Airlines, All Nippon Airways, Asiana Airlines, Biman Bangladesh Airline, China Southern airlines, Dragon Air, Jet Star, Korean Air, Malaysia airline, Myanma Airways Int’l , Nok Air, Qatar Airways, Silk Air, Singapore airlines, Tiger Air, Vietnam Airlines and Vietjet airlines  fly to ‘Yangon’.

Bangkok Airways , Thai Air Asia , Silk Air and China Eastern Airline fly to ‘Mandalay’.

Bangkok Airways and China Eastern Airlines fly to ‘Nay PyiTaw’.


Useful Phrases in Burmese

English Myanmar
Welcome Kyo So Par Deh
Hello Min Ga Lar Bar
“Good Morning
Good Afternoon
Good Evening”
Min Ga Lar Bar
Good Bye Bye Bye
Good Luck Kan Kaung ba zay
Yes Hote deh
No Ma Hote Bu
How are you Ne-Kau’n -la
Reply to “How are you “ Ne-Kau’n -ba-deh
I don’t know Ma Thi bar bu
What ‘s your name ? Nam-meh beh- lo k’aw -Le’h
Pleased to meet you Twe ‘ Ya’ da wu’n tha ba deh
A little Nal Nal
Excuse me Khwint Pyu Par
How much is this Di Ha Ba Loud lae ?
Sorry Sorry
Thank You Kyay Zu Tin Bar Deh
Please speak more slowly pyay pyay pyaw par
Please Say that again pyan pyaw ba onn
Please write it down yay pya ba
Where’s the toilet ? ain – tha – beh – ma lae ?
Help Kuu Nyi Par

CLOTHING

Wear cotton clothes and light outfits are good for the summer.
You may need the Monsoon waterproof hiking when you are on tour in northern Myanmar. The winter is not cold as you think. But you should get a sweater or jacket for the upper part of Myanmar. In temples and pagoda, ladies can wear formal clothes such as long trousers, skirts and short sleeves, long sleeve shirts (not mentioned on sleeve) to the pagodas and temples. They should not wear short skirts above knees. Sandals or slippers are convenient as everybody must take off the shoes and socks or stockings to go up and enter to the temples and pagodas (especially in the religious compounds).

FOOD & DRINKS

Myanmar food is mainly rice and curry. Monhinga (rice noodles soup with fish, including pepper, onion and banana stem), Ohn-No-Khaukswe (noodles with chicken and coconut soup) and salads (pasta & spaghetti) are the main food Breakfast for Myanmar people. There are lots of restaurants and snack bars throughout the country. A meal can cost about 5000 Ks and above for tourists. A bottle of one liter of mineral water may cost 400 Ks and above. A cup of coffee can cost around 300Ks and above. It depends on the restaurant and snack bar you choose.

WATER

Boiled or purified water is very suitable for visitors. Drinking tap water is not recommended.

OFFICE HOURS

Our country has now the office hour from 9:00 to 04:00 Monday to Friday. Banks are a little ‘different, their office hour is from 9:30 to 2:30 pm weekdays. But companies run from 09:00 to 05:00. Shops and shopping centers are open from 9:00 a.m. to 9:00 pm every day, including holidays.

PHONE & E-MAIL

The mobile telecommunications service providers in Myanmar have roaming agreements with some foreign countries. You can make calls to any other country by using local SIM; it costs $ 2 for SIM and you have to top up the amount of money to make a call. The price could be 1 $ per minute to Europe. Moreover, Free Wi-Fi services are available in every Hotel all over the country.

PASSPORT AND VISA

A valid passport with entry visa is required of all visitors. A tourist visa allows a stay of 28 days, extendable for further 14 days. A business visa allows a stay of 28 days, extendable to 12 months in a case by case basis. For every tourist, Visa-On-Arrival from all countries is accepted upon your requests. But it is better to take visa from your native country in advance.

CURRENCY AND EXCHANGE RATE

Currency used in Myanmar is called Kyat (abbreviated as Ks), one kyat is made up of 100 Pyas. Currency notes come in Ks 10000, Ks 5000, Ks 1000, Ks 500, Ks 200, Ks 100, and Ks 50.
The change of traveler’s checks is very difficult. Credit cards of VISA and MASTER are accepted in two major cities (Yangon, Mandalay) in Myanmar. But in this case the charge of commissions will be also high because you have to pay 5 $ for every 100 $ as a service charge for the bank. So we suggest you to bring enough US Dollars for your trip.

The Exchange rate of one dollar U.S. $ is equal to 1100 Ks (1 – 6 -2015) at the time of writing. The price is not stable and becomes two times a day before noon and after noon. You should bring new US$ 100 bills which must be clean because there is no international bank and it is totally difficult to use a torn note and ink stain ones. And some notes with CD numbers are not acceptable in Myanmar.

SHOPPING

Myanmar people are fond of bargaining. Myanmar’s ruby, sapphire, jade and pearl are very famous among Asian countries. The best Myanmar arts and crafts souvenirs: such as Lacquer-ware, brassware, silverware, wood cravings, tapestries, silk and cotton fabric are handmade products.
Antiques and archeological are restricted to export. Tourists should buy art and handicrafts from the registered souvenir shops and you are advised to ask the official certificate form the shop in case for the custom duty.

 

GIFT AND TIP

The people of Myanmar are genuinely happy to help foreigners without expecting anything in return. But if your guide or driver or any person such as waiters and waitress (during the trip) are available particular state or kind, a gift or a tip (USD $ 5 per day for a driver and USD $ 10 per day for tourist guide) is considered a generous gesture and much appreciated. There is no exact limit but it depends on the satisfaction of their services. Portage fees at airports are 500 Ks per bag. Pens, pencils and writing books are useful gifts for students from primary school in remote areas. We recommend the gifts for old ages to bring some medicine (with the help of your tour guide you can also buy it in the local markets).

HOSPITAL

There are several hospitals and private clinics in Yangon and Mandalay. Many internationally qualified medical experts from abroad visit Yangon and Mandalay to take care of medical and surgical cases together with local surgeons and physicians. Some of the hospitals and clinics are under the management of Ministry of Health and the rest are operated by private companies.
***** There is Myanmar International SOS Ltd for medical or travel security assistance at Inya Lake Hotel in Yangon. Ph- 01243639, 019662866.
Pun Hlaing Siloam International Hospital is the first international standard private hospital in Yangon. It is operated by FMI Group. The hospital stands on the bank of Pun Hlaing River in Hlaing Tharyar Township in Yangon. Ph- 01684323, 01684325, 01684336.

HEALTH & INSURANCE

You should bring some medicine in case it is necessary. Bringing a little ‘suntan lotion, apply some skin for your message tired. The guides can give you much useful information for your health, if you have any problem for your health. Mosquito repellents and sunscreens are a must. Do not forget to bring your medicines that you may utilize home emergency, such as antibiotics or other. (Malaria occurs only in some mountainous regions about 2000 m above sea level, so the vaccine of it is needed only when you want to go to these regions.)
Don’t forget to bring your travel insurance covering you in case of unexpected accident or illness during your trip.